of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. Indus valley civilization was one of the most ancient civilization in the world and present Southern Punjab was its cradle. Initially it was pictographic and later it was converted into symbols. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 CE) The Silk Road or silk route was an ancient network of trade routes. So Indus valley civilization was initially called as Harappan civilization. However, we can say that the Indus Valley civilization, aka the Harappan civilization, is the earliest known urban constellation in the Indian subcontinent, and survived until at least 1,700 B.C.E. It is one of the earliest human Indus Valley Civilization civilizations, dating from 3300 to 1700 BC. Current archaeological data suggest that material culture classified as Late Harappan may have persisted until at least c. 1000-900 BCE and was partially contemporaneous with the Painted Grey Ware culture. They found traces of a very ancient civilization… The granaries in … Background of Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was an old human progress situated in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the prolific flood plain of the Indus River and its region. The Rig Veda also contributed to the rise of the caste system. Chinese silk was very famous among the Romans. The Rig Veda, being the oldest and largest of the Vedas, is a collection of 1,028 hymns which contain the mythology of the Hindu Gods. Multan and Uch were eminent cultural, commercial and political centers of this civilization in pre-Arian and post-Arian period Rig Ved, the oldest Hindu scripture was written in this area. INDUS CIVILIZATION (3250 BC - 2750 BC) In the year 1922, archaeologists dug up a few places in the Indus valley and carried out excavations at Mohenjodara (meaning a mound of dead) in Sind (in Pakistan) and at Harappa on the river Ravi in Punjab. In this post, let's see the features of Indus Valley Civilisation arts as part of the Indian Culture notes based on the NCERT text ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. However, the Indus Valley Civilization did not disappear suddenly, and many elements of the Indus Civilization can be found in later cultures. Indus Valley Civilization *Represents priest king, has iconographic similarities to some SUmerian sculptures *Holes on side of jeck suggest he wore a necklace *Adorned with trefoils, that would habe held red paste in shel inlays (like the eyes, circles of the head, and arm bands would have) Apart from food production, a substantial section of people were engaged in activities like administration, trade, craft or religion. 3 . The Punjab region, called Sapta Sindhu in the Vedas, is called Hapta Hindu in Zend Avesta. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. The Rig Veda was written by Aryans in the Indus Valley region, towards the end of the Harappan Civilization, around 1300 and 1000 BCE. Around 1500 BCE, a large group of nomadic cattle-herders, the Aryans, migrated into the region from central Asia. Indus script remains to be deciphered. With baths and toilets in each house, communal trash disposal at the street corners, no less than 700 wells for fresh water and a sophisticated drainage system, Mohenjo Daro was among the biggest settlements of the Indus Valley civilization, which stretched over a million square kilometers in today’s Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. 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