The term \"Western culture\" has come to define the culture of European countries as well as those that have been heavily influenced by European immigration, such as the United States, according to Khan University. Email. "10 For prudence is the virtue especially needed by the practical man, and the Romans had this natural virtue to a high degree. Staff Writer & Contributing Writer, “Western culture” is a vague term often seen in academic environments. Western culture does not describe any specific group or belief, but instead it describes tendencies within cultural thought and practices, tendencies which favor the plight of the individual rather than the collective. For example, we see colors, we see things moving and changing, coming into being and passing out of being. Western people are more indulged in maintaining quality of worldly life. In the West, writing was invented in ancient Mesopotamia just before 3000 B.C.E., so this period includes visual culture (paintings, sculpture, and architecture) made before that date. Unlike the subtle and indirect way for Chinese people, westerners don’t mind a direct way for the truth. Now truths about the most important things, about God, man, the world of natures, change and permanence, etc. And it was inevitable that as the Church communicated her truths, points would be raised, both among Catholics and by the Church's enemies, which would involve questions that the Hebrew tradition could not deal with definitively with its own intellectual terms because of its concrete and particular mode of understanding and expression. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. Westernization (US) or Westernisation (UK), also Europeanization/ Europeanisation or occidentalization / occidentalisation (from the Occident), is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture in areas such as industry, technology, politics, economics, lifestyle, law, norms, mores, customs, traditions, values, mentality, perceptions, diet, clothing, language, alphabet, religion, and philosophy. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures. In other words, American and European culture exists as it does today thanks to the influence of outside peoples, fellow inhabitants of a “west” that stretches at least from the Indus to the Atlantic and from near the Arctic circle to below the Sahara. Indian culture is the traditional mindset of people that reside in India. Children … . Western culture is modern, developed, and evolved its culture, broad sensed, and has changed through many times. This organic unity of Western culture is so strong that even the modern developments of extreme nationalism have been incapable of creating any real cultural and spiritual autarky. Do some cultures do this better than others? There are two general types: statuary, in which figures are shown in the round, and relief, in … This probably seems obvious to us, but I think it is so obvious in part because we have the intellectual heritage of Greece behind us.7 And though all this may seem like unnecessary abstruseness, the answers we give to such questions have very practical effects in everyday life that would surprise many of us. The Latin language was one major factor in this culture and of course Catholicism was the most important part of it. Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle, Western society or European civilization is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe, having both indigenous and foreign origin. For instance, it would seem that the advent of the American dream is a result of “the West’s” tendency towards individualism. Western culture is known for its materialism. Both the cultures differ from each other in the traditional mindset, however, in today’s world both the cultures are coming to a mix. Bertrand Russell actually argued that each new time I see a particular person it is not the same person that I am seeing, but only different appearances of similar-looking patches of color and bits of sound, connected by unknown physical laws. America, for example, is firmly Western in culture. This then is the double tradition of the West, for what makes the West not just a geographical, but a unique cultural unity, is this fusion of the two traditions.2 The Hebrew tradition, obviously, was an absolutely unique phenomenon, because God gave to that nation alone a revelation properly speaking; the Greek tradition, though a human accomplishment, was a singular one and undoubtedly fostered by God in that place and time. The rebutters argue that the funfairs of January 1 “is a celebration that promotes Western culture, and not to seek the face of God”. Throughout the Old Testament, starting even with the call of Abraham in Genesis 12, the universal import of God's speaking to the Jews is clearly stated. with all of its advancements in culture and science. Thousands of years ago, “the West” was born in Greece with all of its advancements in culture and science. Copyright © 2021 Eternal Word Television Network, Inc. Irondale, Alabama. The idea of the universal empire of Rome had a powerful impact on men's minds and imaginations throughout the Middle Ages and up through the 18th century.  The Otto and the Diesel internal combustion engines are products whose genesis and early development were in the West. Its widely used language is English. A brief history of Western culture. Anonymous. Of course there is occasionally some mention of "historical values" or such, that are seen to be at the bottom of the unity of the West, but in our media's conception these are so ethereal as to mean little besides an adherence to representative democracy and a minimum of restraints on conduct. In discussing the Romans and their contributions to Western civilization, however, we must not forget that the Eastern and Greek-speaking portion of the Roman Empire was still very much in existence throughout the Middle Ages until 1453, and though non-Latin, can hardly be called non-Western. Western culture peoples usually are more expressive and straightforward as they express their feelings and anger straightforwardly. In this essay, then, I intend to set forth some of the basis for the West's historic unity, a unity that is still important for us today. Is there something basic that has endured so that I can rightly say he is still the same thing? Although their contribution was not as original as that of the Hebrews and Greeks, it consisted of three important elements: a universal empire, universal law, and the consolidation and extension of the Greek and Hebrew achievements. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are some of the most common religions practiced in the Western world.People in the west are more open-minded than those in the east. The rebutters argue that the funfairs of January 1 “is a celebration that promotes Western culture, and not to seek the face of God”. Beginning in Ancient Greece an… Until a few years ago its mention was apt to be in connection with some military initiative in opposition to the Soviet Union and her allies. How, for example, are we to conceive of the inner nature of God himselfthe relation of the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, or of the union between the divine and the human in our Lord? It speaks to greater separations in the development of world culture. Western Dragons. Western civilization presently compromises Western Europe and North America and are believed to have derived from the influence of cultures found in the Roman Empire. 4 Of course, the Church, particularly in the liturgy, has always used many of the concrete images of both the Old and New Testaments, thus making them familiar to the whole world. Definition of Western Culture: A term used to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artefacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe. Lastly, to recall the original genius of the West can also perhaps be an antidote, an antidote to the poisonous message continually given us by our mass cultural organs, that the only value of the West is the technological and affluent society which we enjoy today. This short summary of the richness of our heritage is not intended to take the place of study or serve as a kind of quick review of what one has learned and maybe forgotten. Much of this set of traditions is collected in the Western canon. If philosophy is the "word of man," then it is the word of men not only in Europe but everywhere, and likewise the undiluted Gospel message is meant as much for pagan Africans as it was for pagan Europeans. Without the constant efforts of individuals seeking ever greater freedom and quality of life, the ingenious productivity which is the hallmark of Western culture would rapidly grind to a halt. When people talk about Western culture, what exactly are they referring to? Almost every time that we read the newspaper or listen to the news on TV or radio we see or hear the West mentioned. Western culture has a very distinct view of beautiful: perfection. Western culture or Western civilization is a term used to refer to the cultures of the people of European origin and their descendants. Thus, “western culture” seems to be a somewhat arbitrary distinction used across academics to describe ideological, cultural, and ethnic uniformity amongst European and derivative nations. It is a distinction which should not be given more depth than it is worth — an academic dichotomy. 1 decade ago. I contend that Western culture cultivates man better than any other culture does, because, historically speaking, it is based on truth, both divine and human, and surely man cannot be perfected according to anything except the truth.8. Eastern culture focuses more on ‘collectivism’ which means they have large supportive families. What God is saying to Abraham is meant not just for his children according to the flesh, but somehow and at some time for the entire race of men.3 The Incarnation and the subsequent establishment of the Catholic Church were thus not only the climax of the Old Law of Abraham, Moses, the prophets and of the sacred kingdom of Israel, but were the achievement of a goal more or less explicit in the tradition from the first, namely, the of that tradition, as the spiritual goods of ancient Israel and of the Old Testament were now made available for all men, together with a sure and clear means for their salvation in the founding of the Church and the shaping of Catholic doctrine. Our common journalistic exclusion of Latin America and central and eastern Europe from Western civilization indicates how most of us think only with regard to or facts, rather than the more important cultural and historical realities. It was because the Greek terms and the entire Greek intellectual tradition was at hand that the Church was able so comparatively easily to formulate her theology, something necessary if the spiritual message received from the Jewish tradition was to be made available to those of other places, outside the Hebrew tradition, and, more importantly, of other times. Thus they created the Holy Roman Empire, which endured until A.D. 1806 and was conceived to be in some sense the same state as that of Caesar and the ancient emperors. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures. So, we can acknowledge the shortcomings of the term pragmatically. Western peoples are independent and make their own decisions without consulting others. What is Western Culture: The universe of values, customs, practices, traditions, religious beliefs, economic system and political-social organization representative of Western Europe and Europe is known as Western culture from the west , either because they originated there, or because they were assumed as their own.. Even earlier, the use of Greek in the Septuagint and the Jewish Diaspora generally made such intellectual interaction inevitable and some tentative effects of this can be seen in such a place as the Old Testament book of Wisdom.6. The first thing to understand is what exactly Western Culture and Eastern Culture means. The knowledge that Rome had once ruled over most of Europe made a great impression on the men of the Middle Ages and indeed they themselves attempted to perpetuate the international character of Rome's rule. 2 0. ati p. 7 years ago. But just as not everything one does to a field is cultivation, for example, to throw dirty oil and old bottles and tin cans into a field will not help the crops to grow, so not everything one does to man really cultivates him. Indian culture will encourage having joint families and being close to other family members. A brief history of the cultures of Asia. 2. This is how colonisation affected Australian Aborigines Culture-The colonisation of Australia had a drastic impact on Australian Aborigines. West of who? But despite this ugly present day reality, it is still useful to study and know the West, both for hopes of restoration as well as for the nourishing of our own spirits and the setting of our own minds in order. Genesis 12:3. But by taking a look again at what it really does mean, we may be able to learn enough to defend itnot because it may have given us a better mousetrap, but because it has shaped better menmore human, more natural, and therefore more open to the supernatural workings of Almighty God. Western civilization has been tending away from its own genius since the end of the Middle Ages, and has been rushing away from it since the early 18th century. As a matter of fact, this process had in part begun even in the New Testament and in a sense was inseparable from use of the Greek language.5 For example, in using the term logos, St. John, without in any sense basing his thought on that of the pagan philosophers, necessarily commenced that fruitful contact between the claims of the Faith and the Greek intellectual tradition. | Irondale, AL 35210 |. 14, March 21, 1947. Chinese vs Western Culture. Women. In the East Greek culture was actually losing ground when the Romans came along and established it on a stronger political and military base. What does this mean? They are excluded from the engagements of Western Europe, and also have endured much cultural assimilation from Mediterranean and Middle Eastern states. Catholicism itself would look very different, in its intellectual and theological aspects, had it developed in India or Africa without benefit of Greek philosophical categories. 9 Allocution of March 23, 1958, quoted in John Navone, "The Greatest Christian Hero, Philosopher, and Poet: Christopher Dawson's `Italian Trinity'," , vol. Email. Becoming USDA licensed in 2018. The contribution of the Greeks, then, the "word of man" is absolutely vital, since without it the unique phenomenon of Western culture would not exist. This is especially true because of the many peoples that have continually passed through Italy and contributed to a universal, comprehensive, open character (such as is rarely found in any other nation). We may truly, then, affirm that Italy does not belong to Italians alone, but to all peoples. Western Culture: People may express their emotions openly and directly. 3 ". Both schools of thought have drastically different ideas on how the world and society should be governed. The oldest decorative forms we can recognize as art come from Africa and may date back to 100,000 B.C.E. How do we discover the ultimate basis of the unity of the West? In fact, Western culture has always included areas not of Latin culture. This is how colonisation affected Australian Aborigines Culture-The colonisation of Australia had a drastic impact on Australian Aborigines. Definition. Only they have what may be called philosophy, strictly speaking. Of course, this distinction does not account for the entire picture of typically “western” nations, namely the problem of Eastern European countries, who often can be seen as outliers. Or again, if I see a baby today and not again for fifty years, is it the same person that I see, since his shape, weight, color, the sound of his voice, have all changed? Western culture has received unique blessings from God in being the heir of both Jews and Greeks and as such is able to perform well the function that a culture was meant for. Both traditions contributed knowledge of truths to the entire human race: the Hebrew of truths of the divine nature and his dealings with man; the Greek of natural truths. Western culture, the subject of this essay, is a phrase worth thinking about. Western culture has a few number of family restrictions and moral values. If they are angry, they might express. Indeed, at one time the liturgy contained a Postcommunion in the Mass "Pro Imperatore" which began thus: ", (London: Sheed and Ward, 1947), p. 33. The Gospel was preached throughout the Latin-speaking regions of the Empire, and later, when the Church began to penetrate lands never conquered by Rome, Catholic missionaries brought Latin culture with themnot forgetting what was said earlier about the Greek areas of Western culture and their missionary activity. Western culture isn't confined to one particular race. Though the truth of this matter may seem commonsensical to us, it is so in large part because we are the unconscious heirs of their search for and attainment of philosophical truth. There were also important missionary efforts by the Greeks, as in the work of saints Cyril and Methodius and in the conversion of Russia, which brought both Catholicism and Western, but not Latin, culture to great areas of eastern Europe. The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context. They moved westward with the next great civilization, the Romans, and, after Rome fell, continued to move even further west until they reached America. Western World mainly refers to Europe and North America. What is Western Culture? 8 Of course, if another culture were permeated with Catholic truth, including the indispensable Greek philosophical heritage, then it too would be able to cultivate man equally well. Western culture is full of over smart. What is Western culture? Subscriptions available from Christendom Press, 2101 Shenandoah Shores Road, Ft. Royal, VA 22630, 703-636-2900, Fax 703-636-1655. The East Coast of the United States was originally a British colony, and as America developed into its own inde… Western societies are pole apart from eastern in field of science and technology. 3.Western culture is mainly watch violence, fighting, boxing and blue flims. For the Byzantines, of course, had no need of the Latin tradition to mediate Greek thought for them, and even if they did not appropriate their own classical tradition in the same way as did the Latinsfor example, the philosophical traditionstill they were conscious heirs of the vast learning of the Greek Fathers, which itself made use of much of the best of pagan thought. They are seen in ancient legends, such as Beowulf. The nascent Church likewise had the even more important truths of the Gospel to communicate to men. Western culture is defined as “a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe” (Science Daily, 2015). Sofia Lyon is a third year English and Philosophy double major from Los Angeles, California. >."11. Western culture has received unique blessings from God in being the heir of both Jews and Greeks and as such is able to perform well the function that a culture was meant for. Some of the very early Greek philosophers, as they groped their way toward truth, argued that everything was in flux and nothing stable existed; others argued that there was no real change at all. 9.Self: Group vs Individual. UCSB Researchers Design New Superalloy for 3D Printing, PoolUp: A Promising Alternative to Ridesharing, PuebloConnect Brings Internet Access to Indigenous Communities, “Ratatouille” The Musical: The Rat of All My Dreams, Harry Styles Did Not “Invent” Queer Fashion, In Photos – Crushcafé Coffee in Santa Barbara, Forest Green: A Playlist for the New Quarter. Nevertheless I think one can say that the most distinctive part of Western culture was the Latin, and without the achievements of the Romans in western Europe the development of Western culture would have been considerably hindered and perhaps imperiled. West vs Rest. This idea of perfection is beauty has haunted western cultures for centuries, but seems to be getting progressively worse as time passes and exactly what “perfection” means has changed. Brief histories of art and culture. Western sculpture, three-dimensional artistic forms produced in what is now Europe and later in areas dominated by European culture (such as North America) from prehistory to the present. In order to understand the foundations of the West, however, there is one more contribution, besides that of the Hebrews and the Greeks, that one should consider. Indeed, western culture is a societal matter that only affects the living conditions of the people in the region. But though law is a practical science, good law and jurisprudence are based ultimately on good metaphysics, and the superiority of Roman law to some of the crudities of the barbarian legal codes is simply the superiority of Greek reason to blind reliance on tribal tradition untempered by philosophic reflection. People in Europe or the United States are likely to hear others talking about Western culture. Category People & Blogs; Suggested by AdRev for a 3rd Party Jim Davies - Trigger Finger feat. 5, no. . Roman law is the patrimony of humanity; Thomistic philosophy, the most universal of philosophies which presents and sheds light on the entire hierarchy of being, was born in Italy; the Divine Comedy is both national and universal, just as that supreme expression of Michelangelo's genius which bears witness to the entire human race reunited in trepidation for the Universal Judgment. Description [edit | edit source]. But is this all there is to the West? Conclusion. We live in a closed society. But although the revelation to the Hebrews clearly points beyond that people alone, their theological and intellectual tradition and vocabulary was framed in terms of their unique relationship with God and the various institutions and practices, such as the covenants, the Exodus, the Mosaic law, and the Davidic House, which arose out of that relationship. Western culture is defined as “a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe” (Science Daily, 2015). These are essential questions in a Western Civilization course! Life in a western country is pretty easy as they have number of resources and facilitates. The western civilization has really colonized other parts of the world, meaning that most people are emulating the western culture. But at the same time, he had much more of a sense of place than we have, who are apt to move about, especially within our own countries, and in fact to carry our national prejudices with us wherever we might go. Western culture has educational styles that are more creative and conceptual. The word culture comes from the Latin a word which means simply cultivation, as in farming or gardening. 2. My Dear Friends, I am some how littlebit aggree with radpaikar but not fully . But indian culture is much more intelligent, though heavily stagnated with time. . The term is not geographic, and only gained in popularity in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Romans were eminently practical, and having once accepted Greek culture, they set about organizing things. All rights reserved. . There are instances when extended family members would be living in one home. It applies to countries whose history is strongly marked by Western European immigration or settlement, and is not restricted to Western Europe. It is merely a group of nations with some sort of common historical background, but sharing nothing important now but a commitment to preserving its freedom for materialistic and hedonistic pursuits. There are many reasons that made this sensational decay in a population happen. Christ died for each equally. Various uses of the concept of ‘Western’ Culture have inclu… What terms from the vocabulary of the older Mosaic or the Wisdom traditions, or of the earliest Catholic writings, the epistles and the Gospels, are adequate to precisely describe these sublime mysteries?